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What Is the Water Cycle? What Is Permafrost? What Is an Urban Heat Island? 10 Interesting Things About Glaciers. Why Does NASA Care.
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The natural wildlife found here include goats and sheep. These animal graze, but eat a wide variety of plants compared to cows who rely on grasses. Rabbits, jackals, and lynx can also be found here.

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Tropical Wet. Tropical Wet and Dry. Humid Subtropical. Marine West Coast. Humid Continental. Ice Cap. Causes of Climate. What are the Temperatures like in Mediterranean Climate? Mediterranean Climate temperatures This is a pictures of a chart that shows the high and low temperatures in the Mediterranean climate.

Climate Science: What You Need To Know

Sage Scrub Bushes This is a pictures of a hilly area with scrub bushes common to Mediterranean climate. Olive Branch This is a picture of an olive branch laying on a piece of wood. Evaporation - The process of changing a liquid like water to a vapor. Flash Flood - Sudden flooding that occurs when floodwaters rise swiftly with no warning within several hours of an intense rain. They often occur after intense rainfall from slow moving thunderstorms. In narrow canyons and valleys, floodwaters flow faster than on flatter ground and can be quite destructive.

Flood Plain - The lowland that borders a river, usually dry but subject to flooding when the river is high. Flood Stage - The level at which a stream, river or other body of water begins to or will begin to leave its banks. Fog - A cloud on the ground that reduces visibility. Freeze - It occurs when the temperature falls below 32 degrees over a large area for an extended period of time.

A freeze can destroy crops. Freezing Rain - Rain that falls in liquid form but freezes upon impact to form a coating of glaze on the ground and on exposed objects. Front - A boundary between two different air masses, resulting in stormy weather. A front usually is a line of separation between warm and cold air masses.

Frost - White ice crystals that form on a surface, like the ground or leaves of a plant. Frost is created when the air temperature drops below freezing and the water vapor in the air freezes into ice crystals. Frostbite - It happens when you have excessive exposure to extremely cold weather. It usually affects the toes, fingers, ears, and tip of the nose.

Frostbite is rendered more dangerous because there is no sensation of pain, and the victim may not even know that they have been frostbitten. Fujita Scale - The scale that measures the strength of tornadoes based upon wind speed. F0: winds m. F1: winds m. F2: winds m. F3: winds m. F4: winds m. F5: winds m.

It has a rotating cone-shaped column of air extending downward from the base of a cumulonimbus or thunderstorm cloud, but whose circulation does not make contact with the ground. Glacier - A large piece of ice that survives for many years, slowly carving out the face of earth. Glaze - A coating of ice, usually clear and smooth, formed on exposed objects by the freezing of rain, drizzle, or fog. Greenhouse Effect - The heating effect of the Earth's atmosphere. The atmosphere acts like a greenhouse because sunlight freely passes through it and warms the surface, but the Earth's re-radiated heat is slowed in its escape from the planet back into space.

Ground Clutter - A pattern of radar echoes from stationary objects like buildings near the radar site. Ground clutter can hide or confuse precipitation echoes near the radar antenna. Ground Fog - A shallow layer of fog on the ground that reduces visibility more in the horizontal than in the vertical.

Gulf Stream - A warm swift current in the Atlantic Ocean that flows from the Gulf of Mexico along the eastern coast of the United States and then northeast toward Europe.

Hail - A mixture of liquid and frozen precipitation. Hailstones are composed of layers of ice and can become quite large when strong gusts of upward-moving air keep them inside the cloud. As they move around inside the cloud they collide with raindrops, adding layers and growing before they fall to earth.


Hard Freeze - A freeze when the air temperature is 26 degrees or colder for at least four consecutive hours. It usually means that seasonal vegetation will be destroyed. Haze - Tiny particles of dust, smoke, salt or pollution droplets that are scattered through the air. The particles are too small to be seen or felt individually, but they diminish visibility. The heat index is a number that expresses the warming effect of humidity at different temperatures.

Weather Myths – Lightning Can Strike Twice

Only air temperature and relative humidity are used in the calculation of heat index. Heat Lightning - There is no such thing as heat lightning. Heat lightning is just ordinary lightning, except that it is too far away for its thunder to be heard or the cloud producing it to be seen. High Pressure System - A whirling mass of cool, dry air that generally brings fair weather and light winds. When viewed from above, winds spiral out of a high-pressure center in a clockwise rotation in the Northern Hemisphere.

These bring sunny skies. It also occurs if winds of 58 mph or greater are expected. Humidity - The amount of water vapor in the air. Hurricane - They are intense storms with swirling winds up to miles per hour. Usually around miles across, hurricanes are 1,, times larger than tornadoes. Hurricanes are known by different names around the world.

Hurricane Season - A six-month period from June 1 to Nov. Hygrometer - An instrument that measures the water vapor content of air or the humidity.

Guide to New Zealand Weather & Climate

Ice - A water substance in the solid phase. Ice Storms - They occur when temperatures below a raining cloud are very cold, causing the raindrops to become supercooled less than 32 degrees Fahrenheit. Freezing rain covers streets, houses, and trees with heavy layers of ice, causing concern for dangerous driving, and damage from the weight of the ice.

Indian Summer - A warm, tranquil spell of weather in the autumn, especially after a period of cold weather. The term is used most often in the Midwest and New England. Inversion - A layer in the atmosphere where the temperature increases with height. Isobar - A line connecting equal points of pressure. Jet Stream - A strong high level wind found in the atmosphere that can reach speeds in excess of mph, usually occurring 6 to 9 miles above the ground. These winds often steer the movement of surface air masses and weather systems. Lake Effect Snow - Localized snow that forms on the downwind side of large lakes.

10 Facts on Weather & Climate | Sciencing

Leeward Side - The side of an object that is facing away from the direction that the wind is blowing. Lightning - An enormous and very hot spark of electricity produced by thunderstorms. Low Pressure System - A whirling mass of warm, moist air that generally brings stormy weather with strong winds. When viewed from above, winds spiral into a low-pressure center in a counterclockwise rotation in the Northern Hemisphere. Macroburst - A large downdraft of air with an outflow diameter of 2.

Barbados Weather

This may reach tornado intensity. Microburst - A small downdraft of air with an outflow diameter of less than 2.

This can effect a planes performance. The brief streak of light as an object from space plunges into the Earth's atmosphere. Meteor Shower - An event when hundreds of meteors or shooting stars appear in the sky at a specific time. Meteorite - It's a meteor that reaches the Earth's surface. Meteorologist - A scientist who studies and predicts the weather. Meteorologists use sophisticated equipment, like Doppler radar and supercomputers, but they also rely on old-fashioned sky watching.

Meteorology - The study of the atmosphere and all its phenomena, including weather and how to forecast it. Mist - Water droplets so small that they are floating in the air. Because mist droplets do not fall, mist is a type of fog. Monsoon - A seasonal wind, found especially in Asia that reverses direction between summer and winter and often brings heavy rains.